Cholera is a bacterial disease that causes severe watery Diarrhea and dehydration, which can be fatal if not treated urgently. It spreads through food and drinking water which are contaminated with a bacterium called Vibrio Cholerae. Cholera is caused by this bacteria, and it can be deadly, causing great harm, even if the victim is absolutely healthy.
Symptoms Of Cholera
Many people who suffer from Cholera have no idea that the bacterium has infected them as they do not become ill. But this disease is communicable as they shed the bacteria in their stool for about 1-2 weeks.
Some of the Cholera symptoms other than Diarrhea can occur within a few days of getting infected by the bacterium, Vibrio Cholerae.
Diarrhea caused by Cholera disease is very harmful and can immediately result in excessive loss of fluids from the body. This issue caused by Cholera has a light-colored, milky resemblance, which is not normal.
One can start suffering from mild or severe dehydration within a few hours after the Cholera symptoms start to occur. This symptom also points to severe dehydration if you lose 10% of your entire body weight. Some of the symptoms of severe dehydration caused due to Cholera are:
- Dry mouth
- Shriveled skin
- Low blood pressure
- Lack of urinating
- Irregular heartbeats
- Sunken eyes
- Feeling extremely thirsty.
4. Electrolyte Imbalance
The rapid loss of minerals caused due to severe dehydration from Cholera can result in its disbalance. This condition is called Electrolyte imbalance. One can face problems like muscle cramps due to a lack of Sodium, Potassium, and Chloride in the blood.
Also, one of this disease’s most common yet severe symptoms is experiencing shocks. This happens due to excessive loss of blood pressure and a reduction in the body’s Oxygen level. If this is not treated urgently, the chances of Hypovolemic shock will increase, also resulting in death within a few moments.
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How Are The Developing Countries Dealing With Cholera?
In order to keep the number of deaths caused due to Cholera to a minimum, developing countries have opted for a multifaceted approach.
1. Interventions Of Water And Sanitation
Treating Cholera productively can be brought about by granting universal access to safe drinking water along with adequate sanitation methods. The developing countries have implemented long-term WASH solutions which are sustainable and bring us one step closer to eradicating Cholera. This also makes sure that water is being used; proper hygiene and sanitation procedures are being practiced in places that attract Cholera.
2. Oral Cholera Vaccines
WHO has introduced three pre-qualified oral Cholera vaccines, each consisting of two doses which offer protection from this disease. The vaccines- Dukoral, Shanchol, and Euvichol-Plus administered by WHO are perfect for eradicating Cholera. Dukoral mainly opts for travelers, and two doses of this vaccine protect one from Cholera for two years. Two doses of the other two vaccines offer Cholera protection for at least three years.
3. Engagement Of The Community
This process of keeping Cholera from affecting people to a minimum consists of developing and implementing events. The entire community has undertaken safety actions and precautions like washing hands using soap, proper food storing, and properly disposing of the waste.
The Bottom Line
Due to these precautions and safety measures, the number of people affected by Cholera nowadays has reached the minimum point. So, it becomes the responsibility of every member of developing countries to implement these rules and teach others to do the same. This way, one can easily deal with the Cholera symptoms and keep this disease far away.